Sediqullah Towhidi is the arch of Nai [meaning: Flute], the arch non-government alignment acknowledging accessible media in Afghanistan. Alongside training Afghan journalists, Nai produces a account newsletter, ‘Media Watch News’, which monitors threats to the media and is broadcast to added than 3,000 journalists and media organizations common in Dari, Pashto, and English. Towhidi was a anchorman and contributor for Bakhtar, the official accompaniment account bureau of the Afghan government during the aphorism of Dr Najibullah (1986-1992) and became the aboriginal administrator of the bureau afterwards the abatement of the Taliban in 2001.
Photo : Rooholamin Amini / Matthieu Hackière
Have your rights anytime been violated?
For decades in Afghanistan, we were active beneath despotism, and abounding bodies were beggared of their animal rights. Often, we did not alike accept the abandon to accomplish our own decisions. Abounding individuals were denied the befalling to alike alive in the cities and beforehand a avant-garde and advantageous life. I accept additionally been subjected to a abundant allotment of these animal rights violations in my lifetime.
What are three important achievements in Afghanistan aback the abatement of the Taliban?
The greatest accomplishment in Afghanistan is the celebration of a chargeless media. Secondly, the authoritative and authoritative infrastructures accept been re-established, alike admitting they are attenuated with corruption. The third important accomplishment is the ameliorate and re-establishment of the army and the police.
What do you see as a absolute development in Afghanistan? What gives you aplomb in the future?
The media has created a mindset that gives a acumen to accept achievement for the future. If this action abide to beforehand in the appropriate direction, there will be no allowance for absolute regimes to re-emerge and no allegation to abhorrence the acknowledgment of absolution to Afghanistan.
What you abhorrence best today?
My better anguish is that these absolute developments could abruptly appear to an end, and that we ability abatement aback on the aisle to despotism. There are a cardinal of accident factors that could booty Afghanistan aback to the 1990s. I am decidedly anxious about government weakness, the growing authoritative corruption, the acceleration in biologic smuggling, and the prevalence of regressive, acceptable mentalities in the society.
What are the better challenges adverse Afghanistan?
Lack of acceptable babyminding and amusing justice, bribery and abuses by government admiral for their claimed gain, and absence of able affairs for the development of AfghanistanIs it accessible that girls could already afresh be banned from schools and women afar from amusing participation, as was the case beneath the Taliban?
I’m not afraid about a acknowledgment of the Taliban: I don’t accept that we will see them in their antecedent position of power. Nonetheless, if there is a cabal beneath way to topple capitalism in Afghanistan and authoritative admiral coact in that conspiracy, the accomplished foundation of the assets fabricated in the aftermost 12 years could be destroyed. Afghanistan is a country area political and amusing changes appear abruptly; bodies are calmly assertive and seduced.
Thus, if the accepted arrangement keeps alive properly, and cellophane autonomous elections are captivated in Afghanistan, I am assured that the Taliban will not acknowledgment to power. But, if there are behind-the-scenes conspiracies and deals to beforehand accurate political goals alfresco the autonomous process, the Taliban would artlessly be a allotment of that equation. We allegation bouncer agilely adjoin a acknowledgment to despotism.
Have the rights of any of your changeable ancestors associates anytime been violated?
Polygamy, abuses, the ascendancy of women to their husbands, the abridgement of abandon to study, assignment and accept a husband: these situations action in abounding Afghan families and they are all violations of animal rights.
In the apple area I was born, a babe was never asked if she capital to ally her husband. It was the role of fathers, brothers, and uncles, and in some cases, alike mothers, to adjudge for their daughters. I bethink one girl, a abutting about of mine, who had a suitor. Because the babe had accustomed some adumbration she was agreeable to ally this man, the girl’s brother dead him. Awful battle bankrupt out amid the two families, to such an admeasurement that aural three months, three added bodies had been killed.
What are the above factors that arrest women’s accord in social, economic, political and cultural spheres?
The amusing structures of Afghanistan are still primitive. Clans abide to apply added ability than citizenship rights and laws. The astonishingly aerial amount of benightedness amid women deprives them of their rights. And finally, the absolution of patriarchy is a amusing abnormality in Afghanistan which is yet to face a austere challenge. These basal issues accept ensured that Afghanistan charcoal a country area women are beggared of their axiological rights.
What do you ambition for your daughters?
I appetite to see my daughters accomplished to such a akin that they will be able to avert their rights and abide oppression, whether it arises from their family, the society, or the government.
What accept you done in your clandestine and able activity to action adjoin obstacles to women’s accord in Afghanistan, including discrimination?
In my clandestine and ancestors life, my wife is in allegation of all ancestors issues, from bread-and-butter affairs to managing relationships with our relatives. She decides what should be bought and what should be sold. I do not accept abundant captivation in these issues. I accept ensured my daughters accept admission to education.
At work, I would be actual afraid if any of the women I accept formed with in altered places accept been black or acquainted discriminated adjoin in the workplace.
“Unveiling Afghanistan, the Unheard Voices of Progress” is a attack by Armanshahr/OPEN ASIA and FIDH, which explores angle captivated by Afghan civilian association actors. Over 50 days, 50 affecting social, political, and cultural actors achievement to atom chat and agitation about architecture a association that is across-the-board of women’s and animal rights in Afghanistan.
You can apprehend aboriginal interviews in Dari on Armanshahr/OPEN ASIA
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